Functional response of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea larvae on two aphid pests of the citrus: Aphis spiraecola and Aphis gossypii

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل

2 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی


The green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea, plays an important role in biological control of various aphid species. In this study, the functional responses of the second and third instar larvae of C. carnea were studied on the citrus aphid, Aphis spiraecola and melon aphid, A. gossypii. The experiments were carried out on orange (cv. Thompson Navel) leaves in a growth chamber at 27 ± 2°C, 65 ± 5% RH and a photoperiod of 16 L: 8 D h. Different densities of the preys were offered to the predators, and the number of consumed preys was calculated after 24 h. Based on the logistic regression analysis, both second and third larval instars of the predator exhibited a Type II functional response to both aphid species. With increasing of the larval instar, the attack rate (a) of the predator on A. spiraecola was significantly increased and the handling time (Th) decreased. Attack rate of second larval instar of the predator on A. gossypii was significantly higher than that on A. spiraecola. Furthermore, the third instar larvae fed on A. gossypii showed significantly lower handling time and higher attack rate compared to A. spiraecola. The results of this study revealed that the larvae of C. carnea, especially the third instar, had a good predation potential in controlling A. spiraecola and A. gossypii. However, further field-based studies are needed for a comprehensive estimation of biocontrol abilities of C. carnea toward these two aphids on the citrus.


عنوان مقاله [English]

واکنش تابعی لاروهای بالتوری سبز، Chrysoperla carnea نسبت به دو گونه از شته های آفت مرکبات: شته سبز مرکبات Aphis spiraecola و شته جالیز Aphis gossypii

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahboobeh Moradi 1
  • Mahdi Hassanpour 2
  • Seyed Ali Asghar Fathi 1
  • Ali Golizadeh 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil
2 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
3 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil
چکیده [English]

بالتوری سبز Chrysoperla carnea  نقش مهمی در کنترل بیولوژیک گونه­ های مختلف شته­ ها دارد. در این تحقیق، واکنش تابعی لاروهای سنین دوم و سوم C. carnea نسبت به شته سبز مرکبات، Aphis spiraecola  و شته جالیز،A. gossypii  مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. آزمایش ­ها روی برگ­های پرتقال (رقم تامسون ناول) در اتاقک رشد در دمای 2 ± 27 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5 ± 65 درصد و دوره­ نوری 16 ساعت روشنایی و هشت ساعت تاریکی انجام شد. تراکم ­های مختلفی از طعمه­ ها در اختیار شکارگرها قرار داده شد. تعداد طعمه ­های خورده شده بعد از 24 ساعت محاسبه و ثبت شد. بر اساس نتایج تجزیه رگرسیون لجستیک، هر دو سن لاروی شکارگر واکنش تابعی نوع دوم را نسبت به هر دو گونه­ شته نشان دادند. با افزایش سن لاروی شکارگر، نرخ حمله­ (a) آن نسبت به A. spiraecola به طور معنی­ داری افزایش و زمان دستیابی (Th) آن کاهش یافت. نرخ حمله لارو سن دوم شکارگر روی A. gossypii به طور معنی ­داری بیشتر از مقدار متناظر روی A. spiraecola بود. همچنین زمان دستیابی لارو سن سوم شکارگر در تغذیه از A. gossypii در مقایسه با A. spiraecola به طور معنی ­داری کمتر و نرخ حمله­ آن بیشتر بود. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که لاروهای بالتوری سبز به ویژه سن سوم آن، از توانایی خوبی برای کنترل این شته­ ها برخوردار هستند. با این حال، برای برآورد جامعی از توانایی ­های کنترل بیولوژیک C. carnea نسبت به این دو گونه شته روی مرکبات، باید آزمایش­ های بیشتری در شرایط صحرایی انجام گیرد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • بالتوری سبز
  • شته جالیز
  • شته سبز مرکبات
  • کنترل بیولوژیک
  • واکنش تابعی
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