Andreasen C, Streibig JC, 2011. Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries–based on Danish longterm surveys. Weed Research 51 (2): 214–226.
Babaei S, Alizadeh H, Baghestani MA, Naqhavi MR, 2014. Effect of some adjuvants on sulfosulfuron efficacy in hordeum spontaneum control in wheat fields. Iranian Journal of Weed Science. 10 (2): 121–132 (In Persian with English abstract).
Babaei S, Mahmoudi Gh, Mohammadi N, 2021. Evaluation of the effect of chemical methods, intercropping and mulching on weed control of Field Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo). Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection 10 (2): 23–32 (In Persian with English abstract).
Ball DA, Miller SD, 1993. Cropping history, tillage, and herbicide effects on weed flora composition in irrigated corn. Agronomy Journal 85 (4): 817–821.
Bellinder RR, Arsenovic M, Shah DA, Rauch BJ, 2003. Effect of weed growth stage and adjuvant on the efficacy of fomesafen and bentazon. Weed Science 51: 1016–1021.
Blackshaw RE, O'Donovan JT, Harker KN, Clayton GW, Stougaard RN. 2006. Reduced herbicide doses in field crops: a review. Weed Biology and Management 6 (1): 10–17.
Curran W, McGlamery M, Liebi R, Lingenfelter D, 1999. Adjuvants for enhancing herbicide performance. PA Coop. Extension Svc. Agronomy Facts 37. Published and copyrighted by: Pennsylvania State University. http://www.psu.edu/.
Deihimfard R, Rahimi-Moghaddam S, Chenu K, 2019. Risk assessment of frost damage to sugar beet simulated under cold and semi-arid environments. International Journal of Biometeorology 63 (2): 511–521.
Ikegami M, Wandrag E, Duncan RP, Hulme PE, 2019. Length of cultivation determines native and non-nativeweed richness in crop fields worldwide. Biological invasions 21 (1): 363–375.
Izadi-Darbandi E, Aliverdi A, Anabestani M, Shamsabadi A, 2019. Adjuvants to Improve Phenmedipham+ Desmedipham + Ethofumesate Efficacy Against Weeds in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris). Planta Daninha 37 (1): 1–9.
Kargar M, Rashed Mohassel M, Nezami A, Izedi Darbandi E, 2015. Evaluation Effect of Adjuvant on Mesosulfuron+ Iodosulfuron Herbicide Performance on Littleseed Canarygrass Control. Journal of Plant Protection 29 (1): 295–303.
Kieloch R, Domaradzki K, 2003. The influence of weeds growth stage and climate conditions on optimizing dose of herbicides. Journal of Plant Protection Research 43 (3): 233–239.
Kieloch, R, and Krzysztof D, 2011. The role of the growth stage of weeds in their response to reduced herbicide doses. Acta Agrobotanica 64 :4.
Lamichhane JR, Constantin J, Aubertot JN, Dürr C, 2019 Will climate change affect sugar beet establishment of the 21st century Insights from a simulation study using a crop emergence model. Field Crops Research 238 (2): 64–73
Maschhoff JR, Hart SE, Baldwin JL, 2000. Effect of ammonium sulfate on the efficacy, absorption, and translocation of glufosinate. Weed Science 48: 2-6.
Mehdizadeh, M, Zoleikha M, and Baghaeifar Z, 2020. Efficacy evaluation of tribenuron methyl herbicide by using different adjuvants for common Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) control. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 81: 1–8.
Najafi H, Bazoubandi M, Jafarzadeh N, 2010. Study ofeffectiveness of different combinations of selective herbicides for control of broadleaf weeds in Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) fields. Weed Research Journal 2 (1): 43–52.
Nazari J, Rahimian MH, Alizadeh H, Mousavi SK, 2011 Comparative phenology and damage of ground cherry (Physalis divaricata L.) on sugar beet crop. Iranian Journal of Weed Science 7 (2): 1–12 (In Persian with English abstract).
Neeser C, Martin AR, Juroszek P, Mortensen DA, 2000. A Comparison of Visual and Photographic Estimates of Weed Biomass and Weed Control. Weed Technology 14: 586–590
Nosratti I, alizadeh H, Rahimian MH, 2011. Effect of some adjuvants on overcoming antagonistic effects of spray carrier water quality on glyphosate and herbicide mixture 2, 4-D+ MCPA efficacy on licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). Iranian Journal of Weed Science 7 (2): 49–60 (In Persian with English abstract).
Nosratti I, Heidari H, Muhammadi G, Saeidi M, 2016. Germination and emergence characteristics of annual ground cherry (Physalis divaricata). Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences 9 (2): 131–138.
Nosratti I, Sabeti P, Chaghamirzaee G, Heidari H, 2017. Weed problems, challenges, and opportunities in Iran. Crop Protection 104371.
Nosratti I, Muhammadyari A, 2019. First report of multiple resistancein Galium aparine to ALS-Inhibiting and Auxin analog herbicides in Kermanshah, Iran. Planta Daninha 37. e019187358. XX–XX.
Sabeti P, Oveisi M, Rahimian MH, Alizadeh H, Nosrati I, 2019. Effect of different levels of N fertilizer on yield and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.) under different densities of annual ground cherry (Physalis divaricata L.) competition. Iranian Journal of Weed Science 15 (1): 97–108 (In Persian with English abstract).
Salehi F, Esfandiari H, Mashhadi HR, 2006. Critical period of weed control in sugar beet in Shahrekord region. Iranian Journal of Weed Science 2 (1): 1–12 (In Persian with English abstract).
Shimi P, Poorazar R, Ghezeli F, Sasanfar H, 2014. Efficiency of two commercial forms of clopyralid at different doses in controlling canolaweeds. Iranian Journal of Weed Science 10 (2): 145–153 (In Persian with English abstract).
Singh S, Singh M, 2004. Effect of growth stage on trifloxysulfuron and glyphosate efficacy in twelve weed species of citrus groves. Weed Technology 18: 1031–1036.
Soltani N, Dille JA, Robinson DE, Sprague CL, Morishita DW, Lawrence NC, Kniss AR, Jha P, Felix J, Nurse RE, 2018. Potential yield loss in sugar beet due to weed interference in the United States and Canada. Weed Technology 32 (4): 749–753.
Vasel E-H, Ladewig E, Märländer B, 2012. Weed composition and herbicide use strategies in sugar beet cultivation in Germany. Journal für Kulturpflanzen 64: 112–125.
Vurro M, Zonno MC, Evidente A, Andolfi A, Montemurro P. 2001. Enhancement of efficacy of Ascochyta caulina to control Chenopodium album by use of phytotoxins and reduced rates of herbicides. Biological Control 21: 182–190.